DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 10.02.2009
UTILIZATION: It is used as guard dog and for the protection of the cattle.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2. Pinscher & Schnauzer,
Molossoids breeds, Swiss
Mountain and Cattle dogs.
Section 2.2 Molossoids breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: For two centuries the breed existed, but without a written official standard. The nineties where the time serious cynologycal studies were established, because the contacts between Kosovo and Albania increased. Exemplar of the breed were spread throughout Kosovo and Albania, but depending on the region people called it in different names. In Kosovo they used to call it: Rudan (Rudanat), referring to mountain dogs that had short hair, separating it from Deltari Ilir (Illyrian Shepherd), his big brother, that has long hair. In Northern Albania people called the breed Qen Stani (Qen T’bani). In the southern parts of Albania the towns folk called it Qen Bariu. Having in mind that accept the different names we were dealing with the same breed, they agreed to name the breed: Qen T’bani Shqiptarë. Kosovo and Albania were feudal states, without a developed industry and the only way to survive was farming. This is where Qen T’bani Shqiptarë comes in. Quality dogs where a must for the cattles to survive. In the book of customary Laws: The Code of Lekë Dukagjini, these dogs where mentioned but with the name Chain Dogs. Because of the breeds aggressiveness and instinct to guard the houses they were chained up, so that’s where the name Chain dogs come from.
GENERAL APPEARANCE AND CHARACTER: The length of body is 1/10 compared with the height at the withers. The depth of the chest comprises 50% with the height at the withers. Middle to big size dogs. Powerful and elegant appearance, but also fast, brave and stable. The breed is tolerant with children, and very devoted to its owner, but reserved with strangers. He can be aggressive towards people when his personal space is an excellent guard dog, and cattle dog that doesn’t require to much treatment.
HEAD: Slightly long, sometimes it leaves the impression of thick consistency. The length of the skull correlates with the length of the muzzle as 57:43. The skin is nicely attached and wrinkle free. The length of the head is 4/10 compared to the height at the withers. The imaginary lines on the head are slightly divergent.
SKULL: Viewed lateral and posterior, the head looks a little bit round. There isn’t a huge difference between the front and back side of the head. The skull makes 57% of the size of the head.
STOP: The stop is clearly visible, but a little bit pronounced.
NOSE: The nose is black with two parallel nostrils, the length and the height of the nostrils are almost equal. The upper line of the nose is straight.
MUZZLE: Slightly long but not sharp. The tip of the muzzle is never let down or facing upward. The muzzle makes 43% of the length of the head. The length of the muzzle is 10% larger than the depth.
LIPS: The lips are black in color, tightly fitting with a closed angle. The upper lips barely touches the lower lips. They are of medium thickness and elasticity.
JAWS/TEETH: The jaws are slightly wide, the incisors makes a 90 degree angle with the jaw. There are 42 teeth, the canines are big and scissor bite and pincer bite are considered normal. The absence of the 1st molar is tolerated.
EYES: Light to dark nuances of hazel color, clear eyesight, black eyelashes, the eyelids are tight fitting.
EARS: Triangular shaped,, long and makes ½ of the length of the head. The ears are positioned in the middle of the head but not to far behind the skull. Carried close to the cheeks.
NECK: Muscular and powerful. The line of the neck or the crest forms an angle of 145° with the line of the back. The crest and the throat line are straight. The length of the neck makes 4/5 of the length of the head. The neck is covered with hair that are thick and slightly long.
BODY: Well developed and muscular. The topline is straight from the withers to the croup, slightly sloping at the height of the buttocks. The point at the withers is slightly higher, and sometimes the point at the croup is also higher and in other cases they form a straight horizontal line.
WITHERS: Slightly prominent and wide. In males the withers are more prominent than in females. The connection between the neck and the withers is slightly prominent. The tip of the shoulders are higher than the withers, this is more visible in older dogs.
BACK: Strong, level and muscular. Slightly wide and powerful.
FLANK: Short, wide and muscular. Makes 1/5 of the height at the withers. They are almost equal in length and width.
CROUP: Prominent, especially in older dogs.
THIGH: Long, wide and muscular. Diagonally positioned. They make an angle of 30 degrees with the imaginary horizontal line.
CHEST: Medium size. Of good width and depth. The perimeter of the chest makes 25-30% of the height at the withers.
UNDERLINE AND BELLY: Tucked up belly, the lower profile is gently rising. The brisket reaching to the elbows.
TAIL: Covered with hair that are longer than the hair of the body. Thick, especially at the root. The tail is carried in a sickle curve, when alert it is carried high, carried low when at rest.
LIMBS: Powerful, especially in males.
FOREQUARTERS: Viewed from the front the limbs are straight and parallel. Viewed from the side, the shoulder is straight but the forefeet is slightly angulated.
SHOULDER: Powerful, height approximately 1/3 of the height at the withers. Diagonally positioned. The upper arm forms an angle of 50°, with the horizontal line. It’s position is wide in correspondence with the median plane of the body. Free in movement, covered with strong muscles. The angle of the shoulder and the forearm forms an angle of 105-110 degree.
UPPER ARM: Long, diagonally positioned, and muscular. It forms an angle of 60-65 with the horizontal imaginary line. The upper arm and the shoulder is almost of equal height.
ELBOW: 80% attached to the body. The height between the elbow and the ground makes 50% of the height at the withers.
FOREARM: Makes up to approximately 1/3 of the height at the withers. Viewed front and sideways the forearm is straight with powerful bones. The angle between the upper arm and forearm is 140-145, viewed from the front.
CARPAL JOINT (CARPUS): Slightly prominent, and dry.
METACARPUS (PASTERN): Powerful and strong. Viewed from the side they are straight, viewed from the side they are diagonally positioned. The height is 1/6 of the height at the withers.
FOREFEET: Vertically positioned. They are rounded in form, or spoon form. Well closed toes, pads with dark pigment. Covered with short hair.
HINDQUARTERS: Viewed from the rear they are wide and parallel.
THIGH: Slightly long. Makes up to 1/3 of the height at the withers. The width is 5/7 of its length. The thighs are muscular and positioned diagonally. Viewed from the back the thigh makes an 65 angle with the imaginary horizontal line. Viewed from the front they form an angle of 100.
STIFLE(KNEE): Vertically positioned. The stifle is large and have the form of the sphere. The angle of the stifle with the imaginary horizontal line is 120-125.
LOWER THIGH: Almost equal in length with the thigh, diagonally positioned. They form an 55-60 angle with the imaginary horizontal line. Powerful muscles.
HOCK JOINT: Strong and powerful. The height from the ground to the hock joint is ¼ of the height at the withers. The hock joint and the rear pastern forms an angle of 145-150.
METATARSUS (REAR PASTERN): Powerful, long and cylindrical in shape. Vertically and straight positioned, but the lower part of the metatarsus is more frontally positioned. The dewclaws are sometimes present.
HIND FEET: Slightly smaller than the fore feet.
GAIT: Light with long steps, continuous and elegant.
SKIN: Of medium thickness, elastic and well pigmented.
COAT: The coat is thick and short, up to 7cm. The undercoat is thick.
COLOR: All colors are permitted within the standard. But the primary color needs to cover 80% of the area, wether it is unicolor , brindle or multicolor. (White patches are allowed in the muzzle, chest, legs and tip of the tail). All the nuances of the primary color are permitted.
WEIGHT AND LENGTH: Males are up to 65-72 cm, Weight: 45-55kg, Females are up to 60-67 cm in length, Weight: 35-45kg
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
- A head that is too lupoid.
- Absence of the first premolar.
- Tail carried in a sword like shape or tail rolled over the back.
- Lighter or heavier weight.
- Prominent stop.
- Overbite or under bite without any space.
- Ears placed to high or to low on the head.
- The topline not a straight line (convex or concave).
- Feet turner neither in nor out.
- The absence of the undercoat.
- Aggressive or overly shy dog.
- Any dog showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be
- Large mastiff type of head.
- Loose hanging skin of the throat line.
- Convex nose.
- Overbite and under bite with more than 1mm space.
- The absence of the incisors or the canines.
- Thick lips, hanging and vibrating.
- Small and round eyes.
- Hind legs in the form of the X and O shape.
- Dogs with one testicle or none.
- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.